Farm Fire Safety

Farm fire Safety in Ireland

Every year we attend farm building fires. Most of these buildings are completely destroyed by fire, often with the loss of large amounts of stock, straw, hay, farm machinery, chemicals and even livestock.

Farm fire safety Dangerous substances in Ireland

Farm fire safety Dangerous substances markers

What you’re required to do by law

Fire safety legislation applies to all farm buildings where people work, including packing sheds, milking parlours, barns, holiday lets and farm houses used for providing bed and breakfast.

If you employ five or more people, you are required by law to carry out a re risk assessment of your farm buildings and record the findings.

Fire safety is your responsibility, and if you don’t obey the law you could lose your business or be prosecuted and face a prison sentence.

If you need more information about re safety, contact your local Fire and Rescue Service

Fire safety risk assessments

Animal premises and stables

Sleeping accommodation

All businesses must complete a fire risk assessment.

“You can help prevent res by making re safety a part of your business plan.”

Farm Safety Risk Assessment

There are steps to completing a safety risk assessment:

Identify any hazards, including:

  •  Sources of ignition – these could include things like welding or grinding equipment, damp hay, naked flames, munitions, poorly serviced electrics, smoking.
  •  Sources of fuel – this is anything that could burn, such as petrol, diesel, LPG, hay, straw.
  •  Dangerous substances – these could be chemicals, fertilisers, poisons, asbestos and so on.

Identify any people at risk, including:

  •  Anyone near your farm buildings.
  •  People who work for you or who are on your premises.
  •  Young people.
  •  Fire fighters and other emergency service personnel responding to a re.Evaluate, remove, reduce and protect from risk
  •  Evaluate the risk of re occurring.
  •  Evaluate the risk to people from re.
  •  Remove or reduce any re hazards.
  •  Remove or reduce any risks to people – this could be by installing smoke and re alarms, re ghting equipment, escape routes, lighting, signs or notices or carrying out maintenance on electrics and equipment.Record, plan, inform, instruct and train
  •  Record any significent cant ndings and the action you have taken, even if you’re not required to by law.
  •  Prepare an emergency plan.
  •  Inform and instruct anyone who might be a ected.
  •  Provide training. Review

Review your risk assessment on a regular basis and make changes if you need to.

Risk assessment needs to be done with every new addition to the yard machine, tools, added to the farm.

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Reducing Fire Risks to Children

Manage and Reducing Risks Children

Matches, lighters and candles

Keep things that can cause fires out of children’s reach.

Position lighted candles and tea lights out of reach of children.

Electrics and heaters

Teach children not to poke anything, including fingers, into sockets.

Consider getting plug guards to cover sockets.

Make sure electrical appliances (TVs and computers) in children’s bedrooms are switched off at night.[/one_half][one_half_last]
Fit a childproof guard in front of open fires or heaters – the best ones can be fixed to the wall.

Make sure children don’t play near fires or heaters to avoid them getting burnt.

The kitchen

As kitchens can be dangerous places for children, avoid leaving them unsupervised

Avoid using the front of the hob when small children are around.

Make sure that saucepan handles don’t stick out to avoid them being knocked off.

What children should Know

You will want to make sure children are always safe. This includes teaching them how to prevent a fire and what to do if there is one. You will probably need to talk about fire safety with children more than once, to make sure that they have remembered and understood what you have taught them. As a general rule younger children, around five and below, should be given clear instructions about what they should and shouldn’t do. With older children, it’s better to explain why.

Not to touch or play with matches, lighters, candles, electrical appliances or sockets.

To tell a grown up if they see matches or lighters lying around.

To be extra careful near fires  and heaters.

Never to switch on the cooker.

Not to touch saucepans.

Not to put things on top of heaters or lights.

Family Fire Escape Plan in Action

Need a Family Escape Plan – see our example

Fire escape plan: What you need to do if there is a fire in your home.

  1. • Keep your ways out/exit s clear at all times
    • Whether you discover the fire or your smoke alarm warns you, stay calm and put your fire escape plan into action.
  2. •Raise the alarm.Wake everyone up and get every one out by the quickest way, assisting or collecting the very young or vulnerable in the household.
  3. • Check doors with the back of your hand – don’t open them if they are warm.This means the fire is on the other side. Only open the doors that you need to get out of the house.
  • If there is smoke, crawl along near to the floor where the air will be cleaner.
  • Do not look for the cause of the fire.
  • Meet at an assembly point outside your home and make sure everyone is out.
  • Call the Fire Service at 999 or 112 from a call box, mobile phone or neighbour’s house.
  • Do not go back in until the Fire Service tells you it is safe.

In emergency call 999 or 112

Fire Safety Certs Disability Access Certs

Gain Fire Safety Certificates and Disability Access Certificate in Ireland.

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A Fire Safety Certificate are required to certify that the design of the building or works would be in compliance with the requirements of part B of the Building Regulations Act of 1997-2008.

A fire safety certificate is required for all new commercial buildings including apartments and flats. A certificate is required for any material changes of use and certain alterations and extensions to buildings.
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A fire safety certificate for any design or change of use must be obtained before work starts.

Nationwide fire safety provide consultancy on fire safety certification and disability certification applications.
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We will compile, produce and present all relevant documentation required to achieve the necessary Fire Safety Certificate in Ireland.

This will consist of full detailed drawing in compliance with Part B of the Building Regulations and a comprehensive report on the Fire Safety issues relating to your building.

If your building requires a Fire Safety Certificates and Disability Access Certificates , please Contact Us.
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Fire Safety Certificates or Disability Access Certificates in Ireland

Fire Safety Certificates / Disability Access Certificates

 

 

Fire Prevention at Home

Fire Prevention in the home

Get a fire alarm, test it at least once a week.

get a fire safety certificate in Ireland

Fire Safety in Ireland

At night put out candles and naked flames.

Do not overload electrical sockets, electrical equipment.

Spark guards protecting any open/naked flames.

Clean chimneys at least one a year

Follow manufactures guidelines with  Electrical Equipment i.e. Blankets, hairdryers etc

Make sure cigarettes are extinguished properly avoid smoking in bed.

 

 

Consider ‘STOP’ and put Safety first.

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S

Sure Smoke alarms

Make sure you have a working fire alarm on every floor of the Building.

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T

Test your smoke alarms regularly

Test your smoke alarm weekly, or designate the job to someone reliable. Don’t leave it to change. Batteries  malfunction.

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O

Obvious dangers

Scan your home look for fire risks, overloaded sockets, candles and unattended appliances i.e. electric blankets.

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P

Plan your escape route

Know your surroundings keep access routes clear and have your keys at the ready. Know where you are going before hand.

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For proper fire safety check for fire dangers in your home and correct them

Prevention is the better than Cure

• Check your home room by room for fire dangers and correct them.

Remember: most fires in the home start in the living room, bedroom and kitchen at night while we are sleeping.

In the Kitchen
• Put a fire blanket and working fire extinguisher within easy reach in the kitchen and learn how to use them.

When cooking, always use the back rings first.  Always turn in saucepan handles(child safety) and make sure they are not over other rings.

  • Keep your cooker clean – grease is a fire risk, it spreads very fast and burns lino, carpet, wooden floors.
  • Turn off the cooker when you are not using it.
  • Never use your cooker for drying clothes.
  • Check the cooker is switched off properly before you go to bed.
  • Clean or replace filters in the extractor fan regularly.
  • Chip pans are a fire risk – consider using an alternative cooking method.

Chip pans are a fire risk – preferably, don’t use them. If you use a chip pan, exercise extreme care.

• Never fill the chip pan more than one third full of oil or fat.
• Test the oil temperature by placing a small piece of bread in the pan. If

it crisps quickly,it is ready.

• If the oil smokes then it is too hot. Turn the heat off and let it cool down before starting again.

• Never leave the room when the chip pan is on.

• Never move a hot chip pan.

• If using an electric deep fat fryer, empty it and store away when plugged out and completely cooled down.

Electrical items –use carefully and store them properly when you are not using them.

  • Don’t overload sockets. This is a major fire risk.
  • Don’t run electric cables across cookers.
  • Switch off and plug out electrical items when you are not using t hem.
  • If any electrical cables or plugs are damaged, worn or frayed, do not use the electrical item and call a qualified electrician.Living room open fires
    • Place a proper fitting spark guard and fireguard in front of an open fire.
    • Don’t put anything on the fire guard.

• Don’t leave anything that can burn, like papers, magazines or clothes near afire.

• Don’t use an open fire to dry clothes. This is a major fire risk.

Keep your chimney clean
• Get your chimney cleaned regularly – follow this guide:
• Wood burning fires: four times a year when you’re using them. • Solid fuel fires: once a year if using smokeless fuel.
• Solid fuel fires: twice a year if using coal.
• Oil fires: once a year.
• Gas fires: once a year, if they are the kind that needs sweeping.

Portable heaters

• Use portable heaters with extreme care.

• Place heaters away from furniture, curtains and items that can burn.

• Don’t move heaters when they are on.

• Switch off heaters and plug them out before you leave the house or go to bed.

Candles at home

• Always place candles into proper holders.

• Do not put candles near items that may catch fire such as curtains, clothes or bedding.

• Never leave lit candles unattended. • Place candles away from draughts. • Don’t move a lit candle.

• Make sure you put out all candles properly before you leave the house or go to bed.

Carry out a last thing at night routine

• Before you go to bed at night:

  • Check your ways out /exits are clear before you go to bed.
  • If your front and back doors need keys to open, ensure the keys are kept in a readily accessible place, known to everyone in the home, close to the doors.
  • Make sure fires are well down and place spark guards in front of open fires.
  • Do not leave your television, radio or music system on standby. Only appliances designed for 24 hour use should be left plugged in at night-time e.g. fridges, freezers, etc.
  • Plug out the mobile phone charger when your mobile phone is charged or when you go out or when you go to bed.
  • Switch off and plug out your electric blanket before you go to sleep.
  • Empty ashtrays properly and put out candles, before you go to bed.

Fire Prevention While Travelling

How to protect during hotel fire

Fire prevention in Hotels, Fire in Apartment Blocks in Ireland

Fire prevention in Hotels

Hotel Fire Prevention…

  • Make sure your hotel has smoke alarms and a fire sprinkler system (where possible).
  • Ask the front desk what the fire alarm sounds like.
  • Review the escape plan posted in your room after enter your room.
  • Seek out the exits and be aware of the number of doors between your room and the exit. Report locked exits doors to management immediately.
  • Keep your room key close secure and take it with you.
  • If the alarm sounds, leave, closing all doors behind you. Never use elevators during a fire.

 

 

If you can’t escape the hotel …

  • Shut off fans and air conditioners.
  • If smoke fills the room, get low and go under the smoke.
  • Stuff wet towels in the crack around the doors, blocking out harmful smoke.
  • Call the fire department and let them know your location.
  • Wait at the window and signal with a flashlight or other attention grabbing equipment.

Fire Safety in Cork

Irish Nationwide Fire Safety Consultants Cork

Fire-warden-training1John P Harrington and associates are experienced fire safety engineers in Cork. John has over 21 years ‘experience with Cork County Fire Service.
And a member of The Institution of Fire Engineers (MIFireE) and is also a member of Engineers Cork.

We are based in County Cork with quick access to Counties Kerry, Limerick, Clare, Waterford and Tipperary. We provide a nationwide service teaching the tools of fire prevention in Cork.

Nationwide Fire Safety services in Cork are providing…

  • Fire Safety Certification.
  • Fire Safety Consultancy.
  • Preparation of Fire Safety Certificate applications for compliance with building control regulations.
  • Preparation of Disability Access Certificates for compliance with building control regulations.
  • Fire Safety Training for compliance with your health and Safety requirements.
  • Pre-purchase inspection on domestic dwellings.
  • Fire safety Assessment surveys of existing buildings and specifications for fire safety upgrade work.
  • Preparation of fire protection drawings for use in conjunction with assessment reports.
  • During construction surveys and monitoring of fire safety construction works.

Some questions that you may ask yourself are:

  • Do you have Fire Safety concerns, regarding the property you own or the property you are responsible for?
  • Has there been a fire at your premises?
  • Have you been visited by an officer from building control?
  • Do you need to have Fire Safety construction work certified?

Or

  • Do you just want to have your property checked to make sure that it is Fire Safety Compliant?

Fire Safety Consultant in West Cork

Fire Safety Consultants West Cork

Fire Safety Consultants Clare

Fire Safety Consultants West Cork and Ireland

John P Harrington and associates are experienced fire safety engineers in Cork. John has over 21 years ‘experience with Cork County Fire Service.
And a member of The Institution of Fire Engineers (MIFireE) and is also a member of Engineers Cork.

We are based in County Cork with quick access to Counties Kerry, Limerick, Clare, Waterford and Tipperary. We provide a nationwide service teaching the tools of fire prevention in Cork.

Nationwide Fire Safety services in Cork are providing…

  • Fire Safety Certification.
  • Fire Safety Consultancy.
  • Preparation of Fire Safety Certificate applications for compliance with building control regulations.
  • Preparation of Disability Access Certificates for compliance with building control regulations.
  • Fire Safety Training for compliance with your health and Safety requirements.
  • Pre-purchase inspection on domestic dwellings.
  • Fire safety Assessment surveys of existing buildings and specifications for fire safety upgrade work.
  • Preparation of fire protection drawings for use in conjunction with assessment reports.
  • During construction surveys and monitoring of fire safety construction works.

Some questions that you may ask yourself are:

  • Do you have Fire Safety concerns, regarding the property you own or the property you are responsible for?
  • Has there been a fire at your premises?
  • Have you been visited by an officer from building control?
  • Do you need to have Fire Safety construction work certified?

Or

  • Do you just want to have your property checked to make sure that it is Fire Safety Compliant?

Fire Safety Certificates

Fire Safety Certificates in Ireland from Certified Irish Engineers.

What is a fire safety certificate?
A Fire Safety Certificate is granted by your local building control authority (your local city or county council). For your local building control authority to grant a fire safety certificate, you must first obtain the services of a competent engineer with a good understanding of current building regulations and an excellent understanding of fire safety regulations to compile the necessary fire safety certificate application.

The fire safety certificate application will consist of Drawings, calculations, specifications and a report it will also give details of the proposed use and the existing use of the building where appropriate.

It certifies that the design of the building or works would be in compliance with the requirements of part B of the Second Schedule to the Building Regulations, 1997-2008.

How do I know if I need a fire safety certificate or not?

With the exception of houses and certain agricultural buildings, a fire safety certificate is generally required for all new buildings, including apartments and flats. A fire safety certificate is also required for material changes of use and certain alterations and extensions to buildings. It is very important a fire safety certificate must be obtained before work starts.

Before you begin any work or make a material change of use, you should talk to a fire safety consultant for advice, it could save you a lot of time and money.

The fee charged by your local city or county council for a standard fire safety certificate application is €2.90 per square meter of internal floor area for the required application.

If you decide to go ahead with the building, alterations or change of use without applying for a fire safety certificate then you stand the risk of major problems down the road, along with a substantial increase in costs.

The fire certificate then required would be called a Regularisation Certificate which your local city or county council fee will be €11.60 per square meter of internal floor area for the required application, along with any changes to the building that may be required to enable a certificate application to be granted.

Are there different types of fire safety certificate applications?

There are two new types of fire safety certification introduced under SI 351, Building Control Amendment Regs, 2009?
• Revised Fire Safety Certificate also known as the seven day notice certificate.
• Regularisation Certificate.

How long should it take to get a fire safety certificate?

The statutory period allowed to a building control authority to process a fire safety certificate application is two months. However, some building control authorities will have the entire process completed much quicker than that, I have had Fire safety certificate applications granted within two weeks in certain counties.

Council fees for a fire safety certificate application.

Minimum Fee – €125.00
Maximum Fee – €12,500.00
Fees are calculated at €2.90 per square metre of internal floor area.
Fee for submission of a 7 Day notice: €5.80 per square metre of internal floor area. Minimum fee €250.
Fee for submission of a Regularisation Cert: €11.60 per square metre of internal floor area. Minimum Fee €500
Disability Access Certificate or Revised DAC application fee is a fixed fee of €800 per application, i.e. per building.

When a fire safety certificate application is submitted to your local building control authority you will be informed that a Disability Access Certificate is also required.

Fire Safety Certificates and Disability Access Certificates.

All new buildings or existing buildings which are intended to have internal alterations made to them which are commercial in nature, or public buildings, require a fire safety certificate and disability access certificate.
Both of these certificates are granted on foot of an application to the local Authority, and are similar to a planning application in that drawings, details and reports have to be compiled and submitted to the authority to show how the intended building will comply with the appropriate fire and disability legislation.

We can prepare applications for both types of certificates for you and would
be glad to discuss your project in detail.

For further information on Fire safety certificates and Disability Access Certificates please feel free to contact us with no obligation:
John Harrington. BEng, MIFireE, MIEI.

Escape Routes Practised

Apartment Blocks:

24thAugust 2015.

Last week we looked at compartmentation within this apartment complex.

This week we will look at Escape routes:

While carrying out my initial survey of each apartment the very first thing that came to my attention was the entrance door to the apartment. When I knocked on the apartment door the tenant had great difficulty in opening the door. The first tenant could not find the keys and when the keys were found the lock’s proved difficult to open, then the security chain had to be removed. If this was an emergency situation it would have been even more difficult. Current standards do not allow keys to be used on the inside of an escape door, instead you must have thumb turn locks and no security chain. While I appreciate that people will see the need for security and that is why there are so many locks and chains on an entrance door, they must also look at their safety in the event of an emergency situation.

For these two bedroom apartments fire doors were not required within the apartment due to the short travel distance from each room to the front entrance door of the apartment.

On the other hand the three bedroomed apartments did require fire doors within the apartment. The three bedroomed apartments have a very large entrance hallway so fire door sets were required, including self-closures and fire seals on each door.

The protected stairway enclosure and the lobby leading from each apartment also require fire door sets. The existing door sets needed upgrading to enable them to comply with the fire safety certificate. The fire seals had to be replaced with smoke and intumescent seals. The doors and door frames had to be adjusted to enable them to close and seal properly. Locks on these type of fire doors are not allowed. On any fire door frame you must not paint over the fire seals as this will prevent them from operating properly when heated. On each escape route the walls must be capable of achieving a class 1 rating. This means that the wall or wall covering must not be capable of catching fire.

If you need to contact me for advice feel free to do so.

John Harrington. BEng, MIFireE, MIEI.